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Video: What can we do about false confessions?

Thu, 05/05/2016 - 00:00

Why would an innocent person accused of a crime tell investigators he's guilty? Saul Kassin, a psychology professor at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, has spent decades researching that question, and says the answer resides in the incredible pressures that can mount during police interrogations.

"The stress of the situation is hard to imagine if you haven't gone through this style of interrogation," Kassin says.

Suspects can provide false confessions ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138531&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Vannevar Bush, Public Service and Waterman awardees to present research at National Science Board meeting

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 17:53

What:

The winners of the National Science Board's (NSB) Vannevar Bush Award and Public Service Award and the winner of the Alan T. Waterman Award will present their work during the NSB meeting on May 5, 2016. Presentations will be open to the public at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in Arlington, Virginia and viewable via a live webcast.

Who:

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138542&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Physics Frontiers Centers (PFC)

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 14:52

Physics Frontiers Centers (PFC)

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 14:52

Available Formats:
HTML: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2016/nsf16561/nsf16561.htm?WT.mc_id=USNSF_25&WT.mc_ev=click
PDF: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2016/nsf16561/nsf16561.pdf?WT.mc_id=USNSF_25&WT.mc_ev=click

Document Number: nsf16561


This is an NSF Program Announcements and Information item.

Future Directions for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure report now available

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 10:53

Large-scale simulation and analysis of massive amount of data are revolutionizing science and engineering. Advanced computing capabilities are essential to tackle a rapidly growing array of science and engineering challenges, many of which are computing-, communications- and data-intensive.

A newly released report commissioned by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and conducted by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine examines priorities and associated ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138529&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


This is an NSF News item.

National Science Board to meet May 5-6, 2016

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 10:40

The National Science Board (NSB) will meet May 5 - 6, 2016, to address science and engineering policy of interest to the National Science Foundation (NSF). Members of the media and the public are invited to open portions of the meeting, which will also be webcast: http://www.tvworldwide.com/events/nsf/160505/

Public sessions of the meeting include:

Thursday, May 5, 2016 ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138532&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Researchers find that Earth may be home to 1 trillion species

Mon, 05/02/2016 - 15:00

Earth could contain nearly 1 trillion species, with only one-thousandth of 1 percent now identified, according to the results of a new study.

The estimate, based on universal scaling laws applied to large datasets, appears today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The report's authors are Jay Lennon and Kenneth Locey of Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana.

The scientists combined microbial, plant and animal datasets from government, ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138446&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Higher education is more than a private good

Mon, 05/02/2016 - 13:30

The National Science Board (NSB, Board) today released a new policy brief on the public and private benefits of the nation's higher education institutions. The brief comes at a time when the private costs and private returns associated with higher education are a topic of frequent policy discussions.

The NSB brief joins other recent reports, including the American Academy of Arts & Sciences' ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138477&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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What lies beneath West Antarctica?

Thu, 04/28/2016 - 13:00

Three recent publications by early career researchers at three different institutions across the country provide the first look into the biogeochemistry, geophysics and geology of Subglacial Lake Whillans, which lies 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

The findings stem from the Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling (WISSARD) project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Collectively, the researchers describe a ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138450&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Scientists map brain's 'thesaurus' to help decode inner thoughts

Wed, 04/27/2016 - 13:52

What if a map of the brain could help us decode people's inner thoughts?

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have taken a step in that direction by building a "semantic atlas" that shows in vivid colors and multiple dimensions how the human brain organizes language. The atlas identifies brain areas that respond to words that have similar meanings.

The findings, published in the ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138437&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Evidence points to widespread loss of ocean oxygen by 2030s

Wed, 04/27/2016 - 10:00

Climate change has caused a drop in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans in some parts of the world, and those effects should become evident across large parts of the ocean between 2030 and 2040, according to a new study led by researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado.

Scientists expected a warming climate to sap oceans of oxygen, leaving fish, crabs, squid, sea stars, and other marine life struggling to breathe. But they had ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138396&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Math without numbers

Wed, 04/27/2016 - 02:10

Symbols don't always have to be part of the equation to understand math, according to cognitive neuroscientist Elizabeth Brannon.

Brannon started her research studying monkeys to understand how non-human animals think about numbers, and whether they can perform basic arithmetic tasks. She now studies human infants at her University of Pennsylvania lab, looking to see how they learn math skills ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138447&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Neuroimaging reveals detailed semantic maps across human cerebral cortex

Wed, 04/27/2016 - 00:00

With the help of Big Data methods, this research aims to systematically map the semantic system in order to produce a detailed semantic atlas of the human brain

Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/languagemaps.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Communications, Circuits, and Sensing-Systems

Tue, 04/26/2016 - 23:30

Available Formats:
HTML: http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=505248&WT.mc_id=USNSF_25&WT.mc_ev=click
Document Number: PD 16-7564


This is an NSF Program Announcements and Information item.

Too much algae -- and too many microbes -- threaten coral reefs

Tue, 04/26/2016 - 00:00

Coral reefs, the world's most productive and diverse marine ecosystems, rely on a masterful recycling system to stay healthy.

Corals and algae release nutrients that support a complex and efficient reef food chain. But when the system gets out of whack, the cycle breaks down and endangers the reef's health.

Threat of microbialization

A new study explores how a process called microbialization destroys links in this delicate food chain. The scientists, ...

More at http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=138378&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


This is an NSF News item.

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